A Proposal for a Constitutional Amendment

  1. The Senate shall be 100 members who win an election among all citizens of the United States. Such elections shall be biennial or more frequent as Congress shall provide. Each citizen shall vote by secret ballot for individuals or parties, in preferential order. Except on matters for which this Constitution requires a higher number, all actions of the Senate shall be determined by a majority vote of those members voting.

  2. The Senate shall elect the President and Vice President who shall serve until the Senate shall elect their successors. No person shall serve as President for more than eight years.

  3. Electoral districts will not be drawn for political advantage. Congress and the states may use crowd sourcing or non-partisan experts to make districts cohesive.

  4. The Congress shall have the power to set limits on contributions and expenditures made to influence the outcome of any federal election. Each state shall have the power to set limits on contributions and expenditures made to influence the outcome of elections in that state. Without infringing First Amendment rights, Congress shall provide reasonable additional means for candidates and parties to communicate with voters.

  5. Corporations are public, not private. The rights enumerated in this Constitution are the rights of living beings, not corporations.

  6. Voting shall be an obligation of all citizens. The right of citizens of the United States, who are sixteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of any status, criminal conviction or lack of documentation, except upon clear and convincing evidence of non-citizenship or having already voted.

  7. The District of Columbia shall be a state.

  8. The rights of Free Speech, Assembly and to Petition for Redress of Grievances shall not be infringed on grounds of the content of the speech or petition. All speech and petitions are matters of public concern.

  9. The Twelfth, Seventeenth, Twenty-second and Twenty-third Amendments, and section 2 of the Twenty-fifth Amendment, are repealed.

  10. The Congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.


Email: rrenner@igc.org